The Indian Dental Association (IDA) is an independent and recognized voice of dental professionals in India. We are committed to improving public oral health by promoting advanced, science-based dentistry that puts the patient at the centre through our initiatives in education, research and development of high standards for dental care in India.
The flag bearer of oral health, the association endeavors to meet the public needs and expectations. We acknowledge that oral health is an integral part of general health and well-being.
IDA represents more than 75,000 dental professionals and has 33 state branches and 450 local branches. Through its initiatives and campaigns, IDA reaches out to dental students, dental professionals, educators and the public to safeguard and promote optimal oral healthcare in the country.
The association's vision is to improve oral health and quality of life and achieving `optimal national oral health for all. We also aim to represent the dental profession and support members in the provision of comprehensive and quality oral health care.
IDA is dedicated to supporting dental professionals in their practice by enhancing and updating their skills and knowledge.
The association is the nation’s most respected leader in promoting oral health, tobacco cessation and early cancer detection to improve quality of life and eliminate oral health disparities. IDA’s mission is optimal oral health for all Indian.
IDA endeavors to accomplish its mission of optimal oral health for all by:
Good oral health is vital to good overall health. Poor oral health negatively affects growth, development, learning, nutrition and communication, self-esteem for all sections of society, young and old have and have-nots. India exposes disparities in oral health, with lower income groups having higher disease rates, limited or no access to care.
Indian democracy is committed to the care and wellbeing of its citizens. The nation’s long-term investment in science and technology has paid off. We are proud that these advances have added years to the average life span and enhanced the quality of life.
IDA affirms that oral health is essential to general health and well-being and thus the need to take action. IDA aims that
IDA call-for-action accurately assesses needs, monitors outcomes, decreases disparities, improves access to care and ultimately improves oral health.
These actions crystallize IDA’s vision and mission. The association is confident that rewards in health and well-being can accrue for all Indians. However, a number of barriers hinder the ability of Indians from attaining optimal oral health calling for action-framework --- a national oral health plan to improve quality of life and eliminate oral health disparities.
We are aware that the Indian democracy is committed to the care and well being of its citizens. The government’s long-term investment in science and technology has paid off by adding years to the average life span and enhancing the quality of life. But not all Indian have benefited equally from improvements in oral health and health care.
India’s continued growth in diversity has resulted in a society with broad, educational, cultural, language and economic differences which hinder some individuals and groups from realizing the gains in oral health. National Oral Health Survey conducted in 2005 by IDA highlighted dental disparities that revealed the silent epidemic of oral diseases affecting rural Indians --- our most vulnerable citizens. The survey found Dentist: Population ratio in the rural areas to be dismally low with less than 2% dentists being available for 72% of rural population. The grim reality in India is that 95% of the population suffers from gum disease, only 50% use a toothbrush and just 2% of the population visits the dentist.
The survey sounded an alarm and the need to affirm once again that -- oral health is very vital to general health and well-being.
The Indian Dental Association’s (IDA) immediate response was to address the ‘silent epidemic of oral diseases affecting the most vulnerable citizens of lowest strata young and old and under-privileged groups’ by initiating National Oral Health Programme which aims at optimal oral health .
The perception ingrained in Indian mindset is that oral health is less important than and separate from general health. Activities to overcome these attitudes and beliefs are taken up at grassroots level which can lead to increased oral health literacy, understand basic oral and craniofacial information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions.
In this way, the prevention, early detection and management of diseases of the dental, oral and craniofacial tissues can become integrated in health care. Formation of community-based programmes and social services will promote the general health and well-being of all Indians.
Change public perceptions
Change policymakers’ perceptions
Change dentists’ perceptions
Reduce disease and disability. Update the public and dental professionals on ways to reduce the burden of oral disease through education, behavioural change, risk reduction, early diagnosis and disease prevention management. Set criteria and strong foundations for evaluating the scientific evidence and promoting effective interventions.
Improve oral health care access. Health disparities are commonly associated with populations whose access to health care services is extremely poor due to poverty, limited education or language skills, geographic isolation, age, gender, disability, or an existing medical condition. Establish close working relationships so that strategies tailored to the varying and continuing health needs can be developed.
Enhance health promotion and health literacy. To encourage healthier lifestyles and increase interventions for prevention or early detection of disease by changing the environment (the places where people work, play, learn or live).
Policies and programmes concerning tobacco cessation, dietary choices, wearing protective gear for sports and other lifestyle related efforts not only will benefit oral health, but are natural ways to integrate oral health promotion with promotion of general health and well-being.
Many Indians do not realize the importance of oral health and preventive measures that can be taken before a situation deteriorates affecting their oral health. Symptoms may not be recognized and treatment to overcome gets neglected thus oral health care programmes aim to:
Identify and reduce disease and disability
Improve access to oral health care
Advances in health depend on biomedical and behavioral research aimed at understanding the causes and pathological processes of diseases. This can lead to interventions that will improve prevention, diagnosis and treatment. Too many people outside the oral health community are uninformed about, misinformed about or simply not interested in oral health. Such lack of understanding and indifference may explain why community programmes fall short of full implementation, even though the scientific evidence for their effectiveness has been known for some time.
Oral health research must also pursue research on chronic oral infections associated with heart and lung disease, diabetes, and premature low birth-weight babies.
Specifically there is a need to:
Accelerate the effective transfer of science into public health and private practice
Meet patient needs. The patient pool of any health care provider tends to mirror the provider’s own racial and ethnic background. As such, the provider can play a catalytic role as a community spokesperson, addressing key health problems and service needs .
While the number of women engaged in the health professions is increasing, the number of underrepresented racial and ethnic minorities is decreasing and remains limited. Specific racial and ethnic groups are underrepresented in the active dental profession compared to their representation in the general population:
Efforts require full community participation, mentorship and creative outreach.
Enhance oral health workforce capacity.
Dental school recruitment programmes offer incentives to students who may want to return to practice in rural areas and inner cities are in a prime position to act. Through these programmes dental schools increase the diversity of the oral health workforce. To effect change in oral health workforce capacity, more training and recruitment efforts are needed. The lack of personnel with oral health expertise at all levels in public health programmes remains a serious problem, as does the projected unmet oral health faculty and researcher needs.
Further, all health care professionals, whether trained at privately or publicly supported medical, dental, or allied health professional schools, need to be enlisted in local efforts to eliminate health disparities.
These activities could include participating in part-time service in community clinics or in health care shortage areas, assisting in community-health assessment activities, participating in school-based disease prevention efforts and volunteering in health-promotion and disease-prevention efforts such as tobacco cessation programmes.
Efforts are needed to:
Ensure a sufficient workforce pool to meet health care needs by
Secure an adequate and flexible workforce by:
The private sector and public sector each has unique characteristics and strengths. Linking the two can result in a creative synergy capitalizing on the talent and resources of each partner. In addition, efforts are needed within each sector to increase the capacity for programme development, for building partnerships, and for leveraging programmes.
A sustained effort is needed right now to build the nation’s oral health infrastructure to ensure that all sectors of society--the public, private practitioners, and government personnel--have sufficient knowledge, expertise, and resources to design, implement and monitor oral health programmes. Leadership for successfully directing and guiding public agency oral health units is essential. Further, incentives must be in place for partnerships to form and flourish. Disease prevention and health promotion campaigns and programmes that affect oral and general health-- such as tobacco control, diet counseling, health education aimed at pregnant women and new mothers and support for use of oral facial protection for sports—can benefit from collaborations among public health and health care practicing communities.
Programmes require the combined efforts of social service, education and health care services at state and local levels. Most importantly, the public in the form of voluntary organizations, community groups, or as individuals, must be included in any partnership that addresses oral and general health.
Successful partnering at all levels of society will require efforts to:
This action plan will serve as a blueprint, one that can be a tool for enlisting collaborators and partners. Building this plan into existing health programmes will maximize the integration of oral health into general health programmes—not only by incorporating the expertise of multidisciplinary professional teams, but also allowing the plan to benefit from economies of scale by adding on to existing facilities, utilizing existing data and management systems and serve the public.